HISTOIRE DE L'ART / ART HISTORY
Organisation du 10e CONGRES INTERNATIONAL D'ART TURC
In the Kemalist era, modern architecture mirrored the reform movement. Two periods can be distinguished in the architectural movement: the artificial construction of a modern architecture by little known architects like Ernst Egli, and the moderate modernity by Clemens Holzmeister who developed a new architecture for political representation, as in the governmental quarter of the new capital, Ankara. During a second wave, after 1933, architects from the avant-garde movement of Central Europe went into exile to Turkey. These persons like Martin Wagner and Bruno Taut started a revision of modernity under the influence of the Turkish traditional architecture and of the rich Ottoman tradition. At the end of the thirties Taut created a new form of representative architecture as chief architect of the Ministry of Education. A similar transformation happened in Palestine with Erich Mendelsohn's buildings.
The comparison between the architectural structures and forms in Holzmeister's government quarter and Taut's university buildings illustrates their different idea of representation and political iconography.